Against the Grain

Conquering Outer Space

What can our fantasies about space tell us about life on earth? Fred Scharman discusses competing visions for long-term space occupancy over the last century and a half, many of them emanating from Russia and the United States even before the Cold War, and now monopolized by billionaires like Elon Musk.


Fred Scharmen, Space Forces: A Critical History of Life in Outer Space Verso, 2021


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